Looking forward to 2035, which will mark 60 years since Reuniﬁ cation, Vietnam now aspires to modernity, industrialization, and a higher quality of life. These aspirations and the supporting policy and institutional agenda stand on three pillars: balancing economic prosperity with environmental sustainability, promoting equity and social inclusion, and bolstering the state’s capacity and accountability. The rapid growth needed to achieve these aspirations will be sustained only if it stands on faster productivity growth and reflects the costs of environmental degradation. Productivity growth, in turn, will beneﬁt from measures to enhance the competitiveness of domestic enterprises, scale up the beneﬁ ts of urban agglomeration, and nurture a creative and innovation-led economy. Maintaining the record on equity and social inclusion will require lifting marginalized groups and delivering services to an aging and urbanizing middle-class society. And to fulﬁ ll the country’s aspirations, the institutions of governance will need to become modern, transparent, and fully rooted in the rule of law.
Viet Nam 2035 overview