Innovation lab

Co-management model of coastal aquatic resources in Thua Thien Hue province

Regional research “Agricultural innovations review in Sub-Mekong region countries” in the framework of the project “Network for Agriculture and Rural Development Think-tanks for Countries in Mekong sub-region” – November 2022 - April 2023.

The IMOLA project, initiated in 2005, supported Thua Thien Hue province in developing integrated regional lagoons based on consensus among stakeholders and local people. The project aims to improve people's livelihoods by promoting sustainable management of aquatic resources involving community participation and ensuring socio-economic requirements. Over the past years, the project has achieved significant results, including modern techniques for environmental assessment, planning, and institutionalizing principles of resource exploitation and management.

Area of lagoon of Tam Giang - Cau Hai - Model of local management at coastal area in Thua Thien Hue province

Source: Thua Thien Hue Newspaper, Government E-Newspaper.

The project implements a "co-management" approach and mechanism, forming relationships between the Fisheries Association and local authorities, ensuring environmental sustainability, livelihoods, and local socio-economic development. This approach is unique in Vietnam, promoting autonomy and collaboration between the state, community, and private sector. Thua Thien Hue's grassroots Fisheries Associations differ from neighboring provinces, granting local associations a "red card" land use right to fish in specific water bodies. This long-term use right ensures fishermen's efforts and money are used for stable income. Initially, fishermen were responsible for developing and implementing fishery management plans in their areas. Fishing rights have been granted to 47 associations, covering 73% of the lagoon area, and 23 Aquatic Protection Areas. Since 2014, coastal marine fisheries have assigned pilot fishing licenses/rights to associations, ensuring more responsibility in managing and protecting fishing grounds and aquatic resources. The implementation process and practical results show that this is a sustainable management model supported by people and stakeholders and actively contributes to the harmonious conservation of natural resources.

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