Research Reports

Role of Rural Women in the Income Generation through Livestock Production and Trade in Luangprabang Province, Lao PDR.

The aim of this study was to evaluate: 1) livestock production system, 2) market access and trade generation through livestock production by women farmers and 3) food security of the household at Phonexay, Phonethong and Parkseng district, Luangprabang province. The total populations were 428 households while 291 households of them were selected as the samples for the research. The data were collection by the interview method and analyzed by SPSS for Windows and Excel program. There was 96% of population was farmer, there was graduated of level primary school in 80.8% and there was female 90% of total farmers which had the similar worked with male as well as animal raising’s activities in mountain rural areas by daily. Total cash income from agricultural activities was 4,228,000 kip per year. Livestock production was 5,049,000 kip and non-farm income was 2,256,000 kip. Total expenses for agricultural was 658,000 kip at 16% of the total cash income. The livestock production system was natural feed resource as fodder trees and shrubs and natural grasses and there was used free range and semi-free range system was found 50% of the total household. The breed was local breed as cattle or buffalo were live weigh 220-400 kg. Pig was 32-55 kg. Goat was 25-45 kg. Poultry was 1-1.5 kg respectively. Livestock production were lacked livestock’s managements (animal feed resources and housing), the animal health service provider was limited, the knowledge and understanding of the animal health from farmers and extension workers were low, transportation was a significant constraint particularly to remote areas. The animals were used the local breed and they were appropriated in the rural. However, there was feed shortage occurs for 2 - 3 months especially from April to May. The diseases that outbreak in as Haemorrhagic Septicemia and (FMD) Foot and Mouth Disease for cattle, buffalo and goats, Swine fever or hog cholera for pigs and Newcastle for poultry respectively The market system, there was traders had collected the animals into villages or place of animal raising. The animals were sent to the market for selling in Luangprabang, province and countries which had bordered to Laos. The prices of animals were (buffalo 5,700,000-6,300,000 kip per head, cattle 2,400,000-3,500,000 kip, pig 450,000-650,000 kip, goat 400,000-570,000 kip and poultry 65,000-75,000 kip/head). Meat as farmer’ consumption in their household per year in districts as cattle 11.7% of the total products, 15.6% of buffalo, 23.4% for pigs, 24.2% for goats and 25% for poultry. The percent of women farmers were limited in household when compared with male, but those activities were involved with female. The relative women farmers was food security in their household as well as 80% to earn a living themselves as collect the food from gardening as planting the vegetables, upland-rice, raising animal product as poultry or fishing and find down the wild animals and vegetable from forest or bamboo shoot and etc. For animals raising such as cattle, buffalo, pig and goats were kept them and raised for earn money to household and serviced for traditionally. Cash incomes of farmers were from selling the animals and other income was from selling plant products as rice, corn, sesame, bean and bamboo shoot and special income as handicraft, rice mill and etc.


S. Inthapanya, S. Phongphanith and S. Savathvong