1. Breed selection and production
- Rice varieties: 180 rice varieties have been officially recognized, including 57 hybrid rice varieties and 123 pure rice varieties. New rice varieties have a yield of 10-15% higher than the popular ones.
- Maize varieties: Officially recognized 40 hybrid maize varieties and 56 trial production varieties.
- Tubers: Recognized 15 varieties of tubers, including 4 potato varieties, 5 sweet potato varieties, 3 cassava varieties, 2 taro varieties, and 1 galangal variety.
- Vegetable varieties: Accredited to produce 8 tomato varieties, 5 cucumber varieties, 1 zucchini variety, 1 bitter melon variety, 1 yellow watermelon variety, 1 fragrant melon variety and 2 chilli varieties.
- Mushroom varieties: Selected several high-yielding, good-quality mushrooms suitable for farming conditions in the northern midland and mountainous region; developed and transferred technical processes for propagation, maintenance and cultivation of commercial mushrooms to numerous localities with high economic efficiency.
- Fruit varieties: The Ministry has recognized several new fruit tree varieties and 04 varieties for trial production.
- Industrial plant varieties: Recognized 14 national varieties of tea (circulating varieties); 15 varieties for trial production.
2, Advanced technical process and technology
VAAS has made 70 technical advances in the production of crops, including useful inventions that have been registered for protection such as the short-term process of growing cotton in the Central Highlands and South-Central Coast, etc.
The application of advanced and environmentally friendly production processes (such as VietGAP, Global GAP...) has been increasingly popularized and replicated.
Effectively developed and applied intensive farming processes according to VietGAP standards for peanuts, maize, mango, longan, grapes..., contributing to production cost reduction and greenhouse gas emission reduction.
The application of high technology in farming has also been increasingly replicated. Some of the technologies that have been widely applied today include:
- Technology of growing plants in greenhouses.
- Economical irrigation technology.
- IoT and Big Data Applications.
3. Plant protection
The plant protection industry has coordinated and ordered research units to conduct many experimental research and surveys, including:
- The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) continues to be replicated and trained for farmers to apply
- Planting sowing program to avoid planthoppers: most provinces in the Mekong Delta and Southeast have applied the sowing schedule to avoid planthoppers to direct and guide farmers to sow seeds on an area of about 3.2 million hectares /3 crops/year.
- The program with farmers to protect the environment over 6 years of implementation has created a good effect on environmental protection.
- Biological control measures on crops have been trained and applied in training courses as well as safe production models.
- Initially applied 4.0 technology in plant protection
4. Soil and Fertilizer
Technological techniques have been strongly applied to improve and improve soil quality, including:
- Microbial products to improve soil
- Indigenous microorganisms
- Suitable crop restructuring models for each type of soil of different ecological regions
- Suitable farming models for sustainable use of land resources