On February 17, 2022, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) held a press conference to announce the Strategy for Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development for the period of 2021-2030, Vision to 2050, approved by the Prime Minister in Decision No. 150/QD - TTg on January 28, 2022. According to H.E Mr. Le Minh Hoan, Minister of MARD, the Strategy will strongly encourage the transition from agricultural production thinking to agricultural economic thinking.
Some highlights of the Strategy are below:
I. DEVELOPMENT PERSPECTIVE
1. Agriculture, farmers and rural areas play a strategic role in the process of industrialization, modernization, national development and defense; helping to preserve and promote the national cultural identity and to protect the ecological environment. Agriculture is the country's competitive advantage and the foundation for the country's sustainability. The rural areas are crucial economic development areas, and offer a vital space associated with natural resources, cultural and social foundation, ensuring national security and defense. Farmers are an important workforce and human resource. The issues related to agriculture, farmers and rural areas must be addressed in a synchronous manner, in close association with the acceleration of the national industrialization and modernization.
2. Developing effectively and sustainably agriculture in all aspects of economy-society-environment. Bringing into play and making effective use of the advantages from the available resources (land, water, air, people, historical and cultural traditions), as well as science, technology and innovation. Shifting from the mindset of agricultural production to the mindset of agricultural economy, producing high-value, diversified products along the value chains in accordance with market demands, integrating cultural, social and environmental values into the products. Responsible, modern, efficient and sustainable agricultural production; developing ecological, organic, circular, low-carbon, environmentally-friendly and climate smart agriculture.
3. Developing civilized rural areas, with modern and synchronous infrastructure and services, with a basic quality of life approaching urban standards; preserving and promoting good cultural traditions, while maintaining security and order; promoting green, clean and beautiful environment and landscapes. Developing a diversified rural economy, actively creating rural livelihoods from non-agricultural activities, generating formal jobs, narrowing the income gap between the rural and urban areas, and minimizing the labor migration to big cities. Building new rural areas on the basis of promoting the advantages and potentials, based on the conditions of each region, in close association with the process of urbanization, ensuring the practicality, quality-centrality, efficiency and sustainability; focusing on building new rural areas at the village level in the extremely difficult areas, the ethnic minority and mountainous areas.
4. Rural residents are the key actors, centers and beneficiaries of the achievements from rural development activities. Reforming the operations of the farmers' organizations to ensure substantive and effective benefits; supporting the training and empowerment of the people, so that they can become the key force in the process of economic and social development, the management of natural resources and environment; promoting the internal strengths, creating equal opportunities in accessing development conditions and social benefits. Developing the cooperative economy as a driving force for a cohesive household economy, developing a workforce of professional farmers, with high quality skills and good knowledge in the rural areas in order to meet the new development requirements. Community development is the foundation for rural development, contributing to the effective management of natural resources, environment and infrastructure; building new living practices, promoting the spirit of solidarity of “mutual friendship, mutual love, loving your village folks and neighbors”, self-reliance and creativity of the people in the rural areas.
5. Continuing to improve the socialist-oriented market economy mechanism in the fields of agriculture and rural development. Accelerating the mobilization of resources for investment into agriculture and rural development through public-private partnerships; creating favorable conditions and supporting the economic sectors to invest in agriculture and rural areas.
II. GOAL AND OBJECTIVES
1. Overall goal
Developing a commodity-producing agriculture, developing agriculture based on the local advantages, toward modernizing, with high productivity, quality, efficiency, sustainability and competitiveness, aiming for the top producers' groups in the region and around the world, ensuring national food security, making an important contribution to the socio-economic stability, preventing and combating natural disasters and epidemics, protecting the environment, and responding to climate change, implementing effectively the international commitments on reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Improving the income, quality of life, role and position of the people involved in agricultural production; creating non-agricultural jobs to generate diversified livelihoods, reduce poverty sustainably for the rural people, and to ensure equal development opportunities among the regions. Ensuring inclusive and modern rural development in association with the process of urbanization, with synchronous infrastructure and social services, approaching the urban standards; preserving and promoting the national cultural identity; developing green, clean and beautiful rural areas, where security and order are guaranteed. Developing agriculture and rural economy in association with new rural development in the direction of highly efficient, ecological agriculture, modern rural areas and civilized farmers.
2. Specific objectives to 2030
- The GDP growth rate of agriculture, forestry and fishery reaches an average of 2.5-3% per year; the growth rate of labor productivity in agriculture, forestry and fishery reaches an average of 5.5-6% per year.
- The markets, especially export markets are expanded and developed. The growth rate in export values of agro-forestry-fishery products reaches an average of 5-6% per year.
- The people's income is increased and the poverty is reduced sustainably. The average income of rural residents is 2.5-3 times higher than that in 2020. The percentage of multi-dimensional poverty households in the rural areas decreases on average by 1-1.5% per year.
- The percentage of agricultural workers in the total social labor force drops to less than 20%; the ratio of trained agricultural workers reaches over 70%.
- The whole country has at least 90% of communes meeting the new rural criteria, of which 50% of the communes meeting the advanced new rural criteria; more than 70% of district-level entities meet new rural criteria, of which 35% of district-level entities are recognized as meeting the advanced new rural criteria.
- Developing green, environmentally-friendly agriculture, which is adaptive to climate change; reducing rural environmental pollution, striving to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions by 10% as compared to 2020. The forest coverage rate is remained around 42%, and the forest area certified for sustainable forest management reaches over 1 million hectares. Increasing the area of marine and coastal protected zones to reach 3-5% of the total natural area of the national marine waters.
3. Vision to 2050
Striving for Viet Nam to become one of the leading agricultural countries in the world with a modern, efficient and environmentally-friendly agro-processing industry. The rural areas will no longer have poor households, and will become “livable places”, with civilized, green, clean and beautiful living conditions; the income of rural residents will approach and is closely connected harmoniously with the urban areas.
Details are attached below