Green growth is currently one of the orientations to promote economic development that has received the attention of countries around the world. Green growth towards a consumption and sustainable development economy, using resources in a more efficient and cleaner way, and at the same time ensuring natural resources for future generations. In addition, green growth is also a pioneering direction and contributes to mitigating the impact of climate change through the reduction of greenhouse gases. In short, green growth is a growth process that uses resources efficiently and recovers more quickly, which means investing in environmental protection to boost the economy.
Countries around the world have been implementing investment plans as well as developing cooperation in green growth strategies to achieve a green economy. In China, South Korea and Japan, economic stimulus packages have been issued by governments with priority given to green growth and focusing on investment in the fields of clean energy, using energy economically. economy, promote people to use environmentally friendly means of transport, develop ecological agriculture as well as waste treatment and build a green lifestyle. Proposals on green growth cooperation initiatives to share green development experiences as well as jointly find solutions to environmental and economic challenges in the region as well as in the world are also presented in the programs. such as the Seoul Initiative on East Asian Green Growth (May 2009) or a joint statement on the development model Carbon reduction - Green growth (July 2010).
In Vietnam, “Green Growth” is identified as a key driver of sustainable development and a focus of policy to deal with climate change, towards a future low-carbon economy. . On October 1, 2021 in Decision No. 1658/QD-TTg, the Prime Minister approved the National Strategy on Green Growth for the 2021-2030 period, with a vision to 2050. The XIII Congress of the Party issued a policy : To develop agriculture in the direction of ecology, modern rural areas, and civilized farmers. President Nguyen Xuan Phuc gave a message at the United Nations Summit on Food Systems (UNFSS) in September 2021: Vietnam will be a supplier of food, food Transparency - Responsibility - Sustainability. At the Global Climate Change Summit (COP26), in November 2021, Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh pledged that Vietnam would become a carbon-neutral country by 2050.
This report is conducted to assess the status of agricultural and rural development in Vietnam that can meet the requirements of low-carbon green growth. From there, policy makers can give appropriate orientations and solutions towards green growth and a green economy as well as develop measures to respond to climate change. The report was made within the framework of the project "Network for Agriculture and Rural Development Policy Research and Consultancy for the Countries of the Mekong Sub-Region" (NARDT).